iii.

 

CONTENTS

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page
SECTION I - THE FORFARSHIRE CAIRNCROSSes Ch.I.a. The Columban Church in Scotland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Ch.1.b. The Lay Abbots of Brechin, 1124 - 1230 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Ch.II The Cairncrosses of That Ilk, 1230 - 1392 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Ch.III The Raid of Angus, 1392 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Ch.IV Lands at Ceres, 1400 - 38 . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Ch.V The Cairncrosses of Balmashanner, 1371 -1676 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Ch.VI The Cairncrosses of Dundee, 1450 - 1517. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Ch.VII The Cairncrosses of Monifieth Parish, 1718 - 1920 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Ch.VIII Other Forfarshire Cairncrosses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

SECTION II - THE MELROSE CAIRNCROSSes

Ch.IX Robert Cairncross, c.1465 - 1545 (altered to 1475, p.41) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Ch.X The Cairncrosses of Edinburgh and Glasgow in the 16th and 17th Centuries . . . . . . . .45
Ch.XI The Cairncrosses of Colmslie, 1509 - 1679 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Ch.XII The Cairncrosses of Calfhill, Hillslope or Glendearg, 1569 - 1759 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
Ch.XIII The Cairncrosses of Lugate, 1586 - 1611 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
Ch.XIV The Cairncrosses of Allanshaws, 1573 - 1759 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Ch.XV The Cairncrosses of Redpath, 1541- 1646 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94
Ch.XVI Other Melrose Cairncrosses of the 16th and 17th Centuries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Ch.XVII Alexander Cairncross, 1647 - 1701 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Ch.XVIII Elwyndale and its Three Towers (1890) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107

SECTION III - THE SOUTH AFRICAN CAIRNCROSSes

Ch.XIX William the Elder, 1788 - 1868 . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114
Ch.XX David of Haddington and St. Helena, 1790 - 1857 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
Ch.XXI Thomas of Swellendam, 1800 - 1866 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Ch.XXII David of Dundee and Haarlem, 1826 - 1900 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151

SECTION IV - ARMORIAL and APPENDIXES

Ch.XXIII Armorial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152

Appndx.

Appx 1. The Latin Original of the Cairncross Charter, 1230 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Appx 2. Wyntoun's Poem, "The Raid of Angus, 1230" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158
Appx 3. George Buchanan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .161
Appx 4. List of Authorities, Sections I and II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
Appx 5. Genealogical Trees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167
Appx 6. Observations on the Rate of Reproduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .175
Appx 7.Carncross . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Appx 8.Active Service List and Medal Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
Appx 9. John G. R. Cairncross of Standerton, 1875 - 1952 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .189
Appx 10. 'Cairn' of Schagen, 1876 - 1958 (= Archibald Campbell C.) . . . . . . . . . . . . 192

iv.

INDEX TO SECTION III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200

Maps:
1. Cairncross . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Facing page 3
2. Melrose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Facing page 41

Illustrations:
1.Coat of Arms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frontispiece
2.William Cairncross, 1788 - 1868 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Facing page 114
3.Thomas Cairncross, 1800 - 1866. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Facing page 145
4.Michael Cairncross, 1930 - 1955. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Facing page 187
5.Archibald Cairncross, 1876 - 1958 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Facing page 192

Littera scripta manet.
(What is written down is permanent.)

Section I: Written and reproduced in 1920 by A.F.C. (then 66 years of age)

Section 2: Written 1932-33 by B. L. C. (then 33 years of age) in collaboration with A.F.C., who supplied material.

Section 3: Compiled 1955-56 by B. L. C. (then about 57 years of age) from following sources: Scots Ancestry Res. Soc.; Supreme Court & Archives, C. T.; Sth Afr. Public Library.

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